The altar of Zeus is one the most magnificent structures of the Hellenistic period which was constructed in the name of Zeus, God of Gods, in commemoration of Pergamum’s victory over the Galatians. The Altar, constructed during the reign of Eumenes II (BC 197-159) exhibits the most spectacular examples of the art and sculpture of the Hellenistic Period.
The Roman author Lucius Ampelius, one of those who first gave information about the Altar, recorded in his Liber Memoriais (Notebook) that “at Pergamum there is a great marble altar, which is 40 feet (12m) and has colossal sculptures. It also shows a Gigantomachy.
In the late 1800s, the findings of the Altar were discovered by the German engineer Carl Human, who took altar to his home country. It is now exhibited with all its magnificence at the Pergamon Museum in Berlin.