The Temple of Artemis

The Temple of Artemis in Ephesus is one of the Seven Wonders of the ancient world. The most important feature of the temple is that it was the first and largest structure made of marble in the ancient times. Even though not much is left but foundation it is possible to draw the reconstruction of the original structure using the pieces revealed during archaeological excavations. Before the Hellenistic period the Temple of Artemis was situated in the sacred area where locals used to worship Cybele. A number of ivory and gold works of art discovered under the Archaic Artemision are currently displayed at the Archaeological Museum of İstanbul.

 

It is located on Selcuk-Kusadasi road, with a distance of 400. from district’s center. The temple, which is one of the Seven Wonders of the World, announced its fame to world between B.C. 334-250 years. It was destroyed and rebuilt seven times because of raid, earthquake, fire and such reasons. While it was once surrounded with big ionic pillars, today only altar place remains. The temple was the first and biggest structure of world, which was made of marble. Some of the ruins are exhibited at British Museum in London, and some of them are exhibited in Ephesus Museum of Wien. Today the temple whose ruins can be seen belongs to Hellenistic period. The temple had 127 pillars, in an area of 105 m. x 55 m. with 17.65 m. height. It had 13 steps to reach altar place. Statues in the temple were chosen by being selected from competitions. Artemis Temple also was used like a bank. Archpriest had adopted the duty of accepting valuable items given as gifts to temple, and opening credit from temple’s budget. Artemis Temple had some privileges. The most important one of them was the privileges right for people who sheltered in the temple as long as they stay there.