Did You Know?

Izmir is a book without an ending.

You will be amazed as you go through the pages.


  • Three of the “Seven Churches” mentioned in the Bible are in Izmir.

  • The Temple of Artemis, one of the Seven Wonders of the World, is in Izmir.

  • Parchment paper was discovered in Bergama.

  • The first church that was built for Virgin Mary is in Ephesus.

  • The snake figure which is the symbol of medicine was originated in Bergama.

  • The first healing temple (Asclepius) was built in Izmir in the name of the God of Healing, Asclepius.

  • Homer, the author of the epics of Iliad and Odyssey, is from Izmir.

  • Stating that everything has changed by saying “You can never step in the same river twice”, the famous philosopher Heraclitus (BC 540-480) lived in Izmir.

  • One of the writers of the Bible, St. John, passed away in Izmir. His tomb is still in the city.

  • Klazomenai, the first oil workshop of the world to be discovered to date is in Urla.

  • The first temple in the name of the Goddess Athena was built in Izmir.

  • Herbal therapy, psychotherapy and natural therapy was first used in Izmir.

  • The famous doctor of the ancient times, Galen (AD 131-210), lived in Bergama.

  • Philosopher and poet Xenophanes lived in Kolofon in 6th Century BC.

  • Philosopher Anaxagoras (BC 500-428) lived in Clazomente (today’s Urla)

  • The famous singer Dario Moreno lived in Izmir.

  • The first and the single village with a theatre is Bademli.

  • The first library of Asia was built in Izmir with 200.000 books.

  • The oldest bridge known (BC 850) was built over the Meles River near Izmir.

  • “Izmir International Fair” that has been organized since 1931 every August is the oldest traditional fair of Turkey.

  • Izmir has 8 universities and 4 techno parks.