At the edge of the İzmir and the Aegean Sea, the southernmost district of İzmir, Selçuk is 75 km from the city center. Ephesus World Heritage Site the largest Open-Air museum and has been included in the UNESCO World Heritage List since 2015, consists of 4 components; Ayasuluk Hill (Selçuk Castle, St. John's Basilica, İsabey Bath, İsabey Mosque, Artemision), Ephesus Ancient City and Virgin Mary's House. Selçuk district is hosting Ephesus the culture capitol of the ancient age, one of the seven wonders of the world The Temple of Artemis, The House of Virgin Mary, The tomb of the gospel writer St. John and Şirince town. The latest archeological research reveals that the first settlement to Selçuk region dates back 8000 years.
The House of the Virgin Mary is located on the Bülbül Mountain 9 kilometers from Selçuk. It is believed that St. John brought the Virgin Mary to Ephesus, 4 or 6 years after the death of Jesus. The structure has a cruciform plan and a dome, was later restored. In this house, which is also considered sacred by Muslims, rituals are held on the 15th day of every August since the visit of Pope Paul VI in 1967.
Ephesus Ancient City is located in the Selçuk district of İzmir. Ephesus was one of the twelve cities of Ionia during the Classical Greek period. Residing in Ephesus dates back to the Neolithic Age, 6000 BC. Ephesus was registered as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2015. Terrace Houses are located in the center of Ephesus. Access to these houses is provided through narrow ladder street. The decorative features of the houses show that the residents were not ordinary people.