Myrina (Sebastopolin) Antique City

Aliağa / İzmir

Myrina (Sebastopolin) Antique City

There are remnants in the necropolis that is located on two hills and unearthed by the villagers. Myrina, an important city in the Aiolis region, is an ancient city that is intertwined with nature at the last bay of Çandarlı Gulf in Western Anatolia. It is on the slope of a small hill that can be seen when you turn towards the sea direction after passing the bridge over Güzelhisar (Pythikos) Stream after Aliağa on Izmir-Çanakkale highway.


The history

Myrina was first heard in history by paying talent to Delos Union. Myrina recognized the rule of the Lydian King Croesus after 560 B.C. and its name was mentioned in the Athens Confederation between 454-425 B.C. During the years, when Anatolia was invaded by Persia, Xerkes gave this city to Gongylos in 475 B.C. Myrina had to accept the sovereignty of Alexander the Great like all Aiol states in 334 BC and after his death, it joined to the Kingdom of Bergama in 188 B.C. The vast majority of the above-ground remains of Myrina were used in the construction of other nearby cities for centuries and the city was completely destroyed. Therefore, the architectural parts of the city have not survived until today except for the port stones. Although there are almost no surface remains, ceramic pieces and terracotta figurines that are widespread in the environment attracted the attention of the researchers. Thus, Myrina was known not for its structures but for its terracotta figurines. Pieces of pottery, figurines, architectural friezes, and sarcophagus lids spread over the hills, where the city of Myrina used to live, prove the rich culture of the city.

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