Gryneion Ancient City

Aliağa / İzmir

Gryneion Ancient City

'It is on the Aliağa-Yenişakran Road, on the coast of Çandarlı Bay, on the peninsula stretching out to the sea 1 km before Yenişakran Town. Two long breakwaters thought to protect the harbor and block stones believed to belong to a small tower were unearthed.'

The history

'The foundation of the city famous for its temple of Apollo is not known exactly. Strabon says that the most famous of the Apollo temples in Western Anatolia can be found here. Gryneion's name was mentioned for the first time in history as a member of the Athens Sea Union in the 5th century BC. According to sources, Gryneion initially paid 1/6 of its income as tax to the union, and in the following years this tax was increased to 1/3. 5th century B.C. Athens, which was defeated by Sparta in the Peloponnesian wars at the end of the 5th century, lost its power in Anatolia to the Persians. As a result, Gryneion started paying 50 talents a year to the Persian Satrap. The dominance of the Persians in the region continued until 335 BC. Alexander sent his Macedonian commander Parmeion to prepare for the Anatolian expedition and to set up the bridgehead; Parmeion captured Gryneion with a sudden raid, destroyed the city and captured its people. Thus, Gryneion's independence came to an end, and it was attached to Myrina in the Hellenistic period. After that, the name of the city started to be mentioned in history only because of the Apollo sanctuary. During the Roman period, the city became dull and became a temple area connected to Myrina. In history, this place started to be remembered with the Temple of Apollo, which is accepted as the place of prophecy.'


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