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Kyme Antique City
It is the most important settlement center of the coastal region called Aiolis. Kyme City, the largest of the 12 Aiol Cities, is located near Aliağa Çakmaklı Village. Kyme, located in the Nemrut Bay, was founded by the tribe from 'Fricio Locrico' according to Strabon. Although the exact date of foundation of the city is not known, the reference to 'Pelasgiler' brings to mind the first centers that started to be established on the Anatolian shores and is dated to 1046 BC based on the same establishment date as Myrina. Preserving its importance since the Archaic Period due to its harbor, Kyme, besides being a port city, was one of the first cities to issue money. In the first coins minted; it is noticeable that there is a horse head figure in the square placed inside the outer circle. Kyme had an important place within the framework of the political situation of Aegean cities in the Classical Period and it was appointed as the president of the cities that make up the Aegean Union. It preserved its commercial importance in the IV. century B.C. This is understood from the coins minted in that period and from an amphora handle on which the emblem of the city was printed. It is understood from the archaeological remains and ancient sources that the city continued to preserve its importance in the Roman Period, especially in the early periods of the Empire.
Although there is no extensive information about the Byzantine and Middle Ages, the small amount of remains that were found and the information that it was the place of residence of a cardinal show that it had a significant importance in that period as well. The first investigations in the region were started by Reinach, who was doing excavations near Myrina at the end of the 19th century and also drilled trial pits in Kyme. A necropolis and a few stone statues from the Archaic Period were found during excavations. The first real archaeological excavation was conducted under the presidency of A. Salaç from Prague University and temples, porticos and houses were found during the excavations. The ruins of Kyme were plundered like the ruins of other cities; stones were used by local residents in the construction of new buildings. For this reason, very few remains have come until today from the famous city of Kyme. Agora and its surrounding structures have been unearthed during the works carried out by Izmir Archeology Museum since 1980, and a room with a beautiful mosaic covered floor was found near the remaining part of the city walls. Only the coastline was discussed in the joint study carried out by Izmir Archeology Museum and Catania University between 1982 and 1985. In the middle of the coastline, where there are important harbor structures that can be seen and although most of them were buried in the sea or in the water, researches were carried out on the outer part of the place that was limited at a height, in the form of a horseshoe, in the same direction as the starting point of the great breakwater. The most important find uncovered during excavations was the large medieval structure found under the horseshoe-shaped hill. It is understood that it was built as a castle in XII. Century B.C. in order to protect the area in the middle of the harbor.The works have been going since 1986 under the presidency of Prof. Dr. Sebastiana LAGONA from Catania University. In 1988, important remains belonging to the Roman and Byzantine Periods, especially Archaic and Hellenistic, were found in Kyme. Archaic Period settlement structures were encountered for the first time. During the ongoing works in the city of Kyme, many findings like agora, theater belonging to Roman period, hot spring bath, merchant house with cistern, aqueduct, colonnaded road and castle walls, waste water, septic tank and sewage system, numerous amphora remains and harbor ruins that were 150 meters depth, were found. A Byzantine church was also found. Works in Kyme City have been carried out since 2008 by a team headed by Prof. Dr. Antonio La Marca.