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Felting - H. Acara
BC VIII found in excavations in Central Asia. The decorated felt pieces belonging to the 19th century give information about the history of felt making. The felt XI. It is reported that it was brought to Anatolia with nomad Turks since the 1st century BC. Felt; It has been a tool used for nomadic communities in many areas from clothing to shelter. The felt, which is produced more easily and in a shorter time compared to other types of weaving, is also preferred for its long usage time. Felt; It is basically defined as obtaining a kind of weaving surface by compressing the wool obtained from sheep with heat and soap.
Craftsmen who continue felt making with traditional techniques; While manufacturing the shutters, which were mostly sent to Eastern provinces in the past, today it produces wearable clothes, felt carpets, shepherd's caps, saddle felts, saddle felts for sleeping horses, chair cushion, cushions for car seats, shoe felt. Masters; It produces mats with a width of 1.70 meters and a length of 4-5 meters. The wool required for felt is provided from local sheep. The cleaned wool is combed in the machine, patterns are created with colored wool on the mat, it is sprinkled with wool and turned into a roll. It is compressed in machines. The felt taken from the straw is sprinkled with soapy water and then beaten again in tattoo machines for five hours. The felt carpet taken from the machine is washed and put into use. Nowadays, felt is used in a wide range from clothing to kitchen sector.