İzmir has hosted many ‘firsts’ in many fields throughout history. Here are some of the ‘firsts’ associated with 'Beautiful Izmir'
1. The first bullet of the War of Independence was fired in Izmir
The first bullet of the War of Independence was fired in Izmir by journalist Hasan Tahsin, whose real name was Osman Nevres, against the Greek occupation armies. The First Bullet Monument of the Journalist Hasan Tahsin, which is the symbol of this important event, still rises in Konak Square.
2. The women of İzmir carried out the first all-female protests in history
According to what we learned from the documents in the Izmir Metropolitan Municipality Ahmet Piriştina City Archive and Museum, women of İzmir carried out a protest on the price hike in 1828. While the hike decision was withdrawn after three days of action, this protest was recorded as the first protests performed by women.
3. The first Turkish navy was established in Izmir
Considered the first Turkish sailor, Çaka Bey established the first Turkish navy in 1081 in Izmir.
4. Iliad, the first monumental work of Western Civilization was written in Izmir
Homer, who lived in Izmir between 750 and 700 BC, wrote the 16-thousand-verses-long Iliad here, in which he described the last forty days of the ten-year war between the Greeks and the Anatolian people of Troy. This epic is still regarded as the first major work of Western literature.
5. Anatolia's first railway was built in İzmir
In Turkey, the first railroad was built between the İzmir-Aydın line. Çamlık, which is the starting point of the 30-kilometers-long line built in 1856, hosts The Çamlık Open Air Steam Locomotive Museum today, where 30 steam locomotives made by German, English, French, American, Swedish, and Czechoslovakians are on display.
6. The first football match in Turkey was played in Izmir
The first football match in Turkey was played in Bornova in 1870. Football Club Smyrna (Izmir Football Club), the first football club in our country, was also founded in Izmir.
7. The first quarantine building was in Izmir
The first quarantine building in Turkey was built in Izmir, near the Mithatpaşa Vocational High School in Küçükyalı district.
8. Turkey's first fair was opened in Izmir
The fair, the foundations of which were laid on the idea of "exhibiting the goods produced domestically", which was put forward at the Izmir Economy Congress, right after the War of Independence, has been held every year since 1927, except for the interruptions during the World Economic Depression and the Second World War. Kültürpark has been hosting The Izmir International Fair since 1936.
9. The first health center in Asia was established in Bergama
Bergama, the hometown of Galenos, the father of pharmacy, hosted Asklepion, one of the biggest health centers of its time. Different treatment methods were used in Asklepion, which became one of the largest treatment centers in the world between the 5th and 4th centuries BC and was dedicated to the god of health Asklepios.
10. The first trade exchange was established in Izmir
In the General Organized Market Regulations, which was published by the Ottoman Empire in 1886 and was the first regulation for the organized markets, it was clearly stated that the establishment of the markets was undertaken by the state and that only one market could be established in each city. The first commodity exchange was established in 1891 in Izmir, the city where agricultural trade was most intense.
The 3rd largest city of Turkey. Population, economic, and cultural richness is buzzing with tourist attractions. Despite all this dynamism, Izmir has many points where you can relax and breathe among the natural beauties. Sometimes we all want to get away from the city, away from the people, have...