Routes in the Peninsula
There are fascinating routes for the enthusiast of many activities in İzmir.
If you are interested in hiking or cycling, or if you are interested in diving and angling, even if you have a passion to see the olive trees and vineyards of the peninsula, you can take a look at the routes we have prepared for you.
The total number of walking routes prepared within the scope of İzmir Metropolitan Municipality's Peninsula Project reaches 700 kilometers. These roads, starting from the Temple of Artemis of Selcuk, end from Erythrai to Karaburun Peninsula.
There are camps, water resources, historical and natural beauties that are worth seeing in 49 routes mapped by volunteer hikers from mountaineering clubs and associations.
The main part of the trail passes through olive groves and garden roads and forest roads. The paths to and from the backline are distinct and comfortable. The course offers unique views at two different points.
Starting from the old square with coffeehouses in the center of the village, the trail leads to the 29 Ekim Castle located on the southern border of the village. After that, the prominent old path rises from the gardens and parallel to the hillside and reaches the forest road at the end of the gardens after 1,200 meters. After walking 500 meters to the right, you’ll enter the wide path on the left; rising in the southeast direction through the forest to a new forest road.
Çamlık-Virgin Mary Trail
After the initial path olives, the trail continues with inner forest paths and forest fire ways, and a creek that is dry in the summer is passed. The tractor road, which runs through the olive groves, crosses the stabilized road of the village of Sultaniye; entering the quarry path. At the end of this road, you'll follow a rocky road and a 3 - 4-meter wide forest road to reach the House of the Virgin Mary.
Virgin Mary-Ephesus Trail
The track, which consists of the asphalt road in the forest, starts from the House of Virgin Mary and continues on the same asphalt road to the southern gate of the Ancient City of Ephesus. The route can also be used as a bicycle path.
Belevi-Keçi Castle-Barutçu Trail
Since the trail is long, many different types of roads are passed. To the east of the hill where the Keçi Castle is located, there is the asphalt road passing through the Belevi center. From here to the castle there is the 1 to 1,5 meters wide, 2 kilometers long, stone-paved historic King's Way. The topographic slope is quite steep. But the ancient road, with the sleepers, relaxes the route. The historic path covered with sparse shrubs continues from the castle to the north. After returning to the southwest 2 kilometers after the same path, the first camping area of the trail is reached. The tractor road, which takes you to the southwest, starts to go down from the second camp area. Olive groves start from the middle of the valley descent. Citrus gardens dominate the lower elevations of the valley and flat areas. The density of olive groves and citrus groves adds a different beauty to the route.
The trail starts with Barutçu - Selçuk asphalt and continues with 4 - 5 meters wide terrain. The last kilometer of the track ends with a clear path. Taking Alaman and Gebekirse lakes on the left, it passes through olive groves and orchards. Since the altitude is 2 - 3 meters in the parts approaching the lake, the track can remain underwater especially in rainy periods. During these periods, you need to pass through higher elevations.
The trail, which starts in front of the Temple of Artemis, continues on the edge of the dirt road and main road until the beginning of the Ephesus walls. Most of the time, the walls are on the right. Sometimes the path continues on the walls. After completing the ridgeline where the city walls are followed and reaching the plains, terrain roads and forest roads are used to reach Pamucak. There is no obstacle in the course which can be easily walked in all seasons.
Starting from the coast of Pamucak, an asphalt road is followed throughout the course. The Küçük Menderes River, which filled the plain and tore Ephesus from the sea in the past, leaves the plain underwater during the winter and spring. The river can only be crossed using the highway bridge.
The trail, which can be easily walked in any season, starts from Zeytinköy. After passing 2.5 kilometers, the slope increases continuously. After the initial asphalt and terrain road, you leave the Notion route and continue for a long time with an obvious path. When the land between the forests and lemur is reached, a tractor road takes you to Gölova. Afterward, the trail is connected to the center of Çile village with forest roads and terrain roads.
The trail, which can be easily walked in all seasons, starts with the asphalt village road in Zeytinköy and crosses the tractor road, paths and Selçuk - Menderes highway. It reaches to Notion and Klaros via Yoncaköy Site. The route to the ridge over the water reservoir in Yoncaköy is covered lemur. The road that reaches the path on the ridge leads to Notion. Then it reaches Klaros with a tractor road. Klaros-Ahmetbeyli-Çile-Değirmendere (Kolophon) Trail The trail runs through the gardens, forest roads, village roads, forest and maquis areas, and Ataköy Pond. Then it reaches the ancient city of Kolophon and arrives at Değirmendere settlement. The course is easy to walk in all seasons.
Değirmendere (Kolophon)-Karacadağ-Tahtalı-Ürkilometreez (Lebedos) Trail
Starting from Değirmendere and passing through the ancient city of Kolophon, an important part of the trail runs through the forest, maquis and tangerine gardens. Following the forest road and trails, the Akkaya ridge and the fire watchtower have impressive views. The length of the track, which is suitable for walking at all times except for the intense hot periods, must be taken into consideration. Ürkilometreez (Lebedos)-Kavakdere Trail Starting from the beach, the trail passes through residential areas and gardens and forest roads, mostly following the fire lanes. The course has no significant difficulties. Due to the structure of the topography, there are many ascents and descents. The highest altitude is 175 meters.
The first 5.7 kilometers of the course is an asphalt village road. Then, almost 90 percent of it runs through olive groves, field road, tractor road, and very clear paths. This is a trail that can be hiked in any season. The route continuously ascends. If it's hiked in the opposite direction, it becomes less tiring. Gödence-Efemçukuru-Kavacık-Payamlı Trail The course starts in Gödence with an asphalt village road and follows terrain roads, forest roads, and small paths. Forest, vineyards and olive groves in the fields that can be walked in all seasons. There are four villages along the trail.
In summer, it is possible to reach the creek from Payamlı village square. As the roads are stabilized and steep, they can be challenging in winter. There are no obstacles up to the creek. However, there are many bushes and steep slopes on this route. As you go along the valley, you need to cross the river 4-5 times.
To the right of the starting point is the Kavakdere Dam and the wire fences of the dam. The edge of the fence leads to the blocky rocks. There are windmills across. From the edge of the fence into the pine trees and the small creek below is passed. After 50 meters, the road turns right. After 500 meters, the high voltage line on the left is followed. Then you have to take a left after passing under the terraced area. The newly established olive orchard continues on the right. The trail then continues to the road on the left, passes the creek below, and reaches to the hill. Antikliman-Teos-Sığacık Trail Starting from the ruins of the ancient harbor on the beach, the trail follows the dirt roads between the ruins of the ancient city of Teos and the gardens and is connected to the center of Sığacık by an asphalt road. The route is mostly flat and can be hiked in all seasons.
Sığacık Kalesi-Karagöl-Azmak Trail
Starting from the southern gate of the Sığacık Castle, the course continues on asphalt until the cemetery. After the cemetery, it extends to Cambaz Bay and corrals as a pathway. There is a dust vehicle road from the corrals to the Azmak junction.
The road, which runs from the Azmak Bay to the northeast, from the right bank of the Azmak Creek and the creek edge, reaches Demirköprü after 450 meters. The asphalt road from the right of Demirköprü to the east is connected to Turgut village via Düzce village. You pass through Demirköprü and enter the iron gate on the right. On the left are tangerine gardens. The road leading to the northeast from the creek reaches wire fences after 800 meters. The thin path, which continues from the left of the wire mesh, joins to the dirt vehicle road.
The trail is mostly a pathway but also consists of a tractor road, a forest road and a partially asphalt road. İhsaniye village center is located in the middle of the route, which runs through the gardens and fields and the forest area. The track is suitable for hiking in all seasons. Ovacık-Klazomenai Trail The most important part of the course is a terrain road, a stabilized road, a short tractor road, and a large footpath, while more than 4 kilometers (as the Klazomenai is located in the İskele Quarter) has to follow an asphalt road. The route passes partly through forest and maquis areas, mostly olive groves, cultivated areas, and sites. The last part reaches the Klazomenai parallel to the shore through the settlement area. The heat in summer must be taken into consideration when planning to hike on the trail.
Azmak-Demircili (Airai) Trail
The trail is located in an area where maquis and small rocks are abundant. The ground structure is solid rocky. It is a trail for every season but due to the heat, summer is not a good time to walk. There are also stream crossings. As of February, all streams except Altınköy are passable. There is no fence or obstacle on the course.
Demircili (Airai)-Eski Söğüt-Zeytinler Trail
Starting from the beach, the track follows the wide path and bays among the maquis. After Ümit Bay, the forest path, wide paths, and stabilized roads are passed. If the heat is compensated in the bays in summer, the course is suitable for walking in all seasons. Gökliman (Kokar)-Zeytinler Trail Starting from the beach, the trail leads to the fish farm in the bay, passing through maquis, open spaces and forested areas and continues through the valley. After the forest fire pool, the stabilized road passes through the eastern skirt of Ulaştıran Hill and under the İzmir - Çeşme highway and reaches the Zeytinler. Considering its length, you can hike the course with pleasure and comfort outside the busy hot periods.
Zeytineli-Gökliman (Kokar) Trail
The course starts from the caisson well at the Zeytineli exit. On the hills on the right, there is a wind power plant. Hiking on an asphalt road, there's a little creek on the right. After the Yalı junction, you have to take a left to the asphalt road. This continues until Hacılar Bay. There's a power line on the left. The village can be seen from the peak of the asphalt road. There are two base stations on the left. Asphalt road then descends. It is possible to take a deep shortcut too. The asphalt road ends on the beach to the left of Hacılar Bay. Zeytineli-Yalı-Alaçatı Trail The entire course consists of bare terrain. With the small ups and downs parallel to the shore, the route, which extends mostly in the north direction, the beauty of the bays to your left and the wind roses appearing to your right are not enough to cool in the heat of summer. Starting with a vague footpath, the route follows the stabilized roads leading to the fish farms, wind roses, and the airport. The last 1500 meters in on asphalt, making it easy to walk except for very hot days.
Zeytineli-Ulaştıran Tepe-Zeytinler-Birgi Trail
The track, which starts with the asphalt village road in Zeytineli village center, departs from the road with a footpath and continues with terrain roads, forest roads, wide paths, and fire lanes. After a stabilized road again, the asphalt village road ends in Birgi. The track, which includes maquis areas, pine forests, cultivated fields, and rock-covered paths, is suitable for hiking in all seasons.
The track, which starts on the asphalt road in the center of Alaçatı, follows the paths between the highway service road, dirt roads, and maquis and passes through the dam lake and plain areas. Since it is a plain area, it is a trail that can be hiked at all times except the hot June - September months. Germiyan-Ildırı (Erythrai) Trail The track, which consists of a dirt road, forest roads, terrain roads, and wide paths, mostly passing through olive groves, forests, and maquis and offering views of the bay, can be used as both a hiking and cycling route in all seasons.
Ildırı (Erythrai)-Gerence (İltur) Trail
Starting from the entrance of the ancient city of Erythrai, in the village of Ildırı, the trail then follows the stabilized dirt road to the east. After 550 meters, it is divided into three. It goes to İltur Site in the north and Ildırı in the south. When you take the road to the north and follow the castle walls, you reach another junction in 265 meters. The road to the east is connected to the Kadıovacık - Ildırı asphalt through the gardens. At this point, you have to take the road that continues north.
The whole trail is easy for hiking because the terrain is not very hilly. The road to Birgi is usually maquis. There are pine trees on the hills and in certain sections. There are also olive trees and olive groves. After Birgi, there are flats, fields, and ponds of various sizes with pine trees. In summer, it can be difficult to hike because the trail has not much shade. Barbaros-Balıklıova Trail The last part of this course, which is not too hard, is asphalt. The rest consists of a tractor track, a pathway, a wide path, and a dirt road. The trail can be muddy and ponds of various sizes are encountered during rainy periods. Most of the course is maquis. There are pine forests in one or two places. One half of the route is flat, the other passes through a ridge. Since there not many shades, it’s difficult to hike this trail in summer. Barbaros-İçmeler Trail This route isn't too hard either. Starting from the village, it continues with an asphalt road, stabilized roads and paths between the scrubs to reach Gülbahçe. The road between the entrance and exit of Gülbahçe is asphalt. After Gülbahçe, pathways in Azmak can become muddy in rainy weather. A short section of the track, most of which is maquis, goes by the seashore. Half through flat terrain, half through the ridge. Since there is not much shade, it can force you to walk in summer. One half of the route is flat, the other passes through a ridge. Since there not many shades, it's difficult to hike this trail in summer. İçmeler-Klazomenai (İskele) Trail Another trail that is not too difficult. It's the only asphalt expect some short deviations in İçmeler and Özbek. The rest consists of a tractor track, a pathway, a wide path, and a stabilized path. There are wet and muddy points between Ilıca and Özbek in rainy weather. One half of the route is flat, the other passes through a ridge. There are pine forests and olive groves in one or two places. There are fields, olive groves and summer houses between İçmeler and Özbek. Since there is not much shade, it's difficult to hike this route in summer.
Balıklıova-Eski Mordoğan Trail
Starting from the bridge in the center of Balıklıova, the track continues with the land road on the left bank of the creek and passes under the viaduct of İzmir - Karaburun highway to the village road of Balıklıova - Küçükbahçe. As you go in the direction of Küçükbahçe, you take the stabilized road on the first right. Approximately 450 meters after the stabilized road that continues between the gardens, you enter the pathway to the right. The path, which continues a little steeply, takes you to the ridgeline. From here, fire lanes and forest roads are followed, Çingenöldü - Tavucak positions are crossed to reach the monastery. On the opposite side of the monastery, a historical fountain flows. This is an area suitable for camping. The route continues north and follows the dirt road to Ovacıkbaşı. Along the way, it is possible to see the ruins of the old settlements around. The path leading east from Ovacıkbaşı should be followed. The path runs through olive groves, pines, maquis and rocky areas, along with an old marble quarry and the creek. There are ruins of an old water mill in the valley in Çatalkaya.
Eski Mordoğan-Eğlenhoca-İnecik-Kösedere Trail
The trail consists of village roads, olive groves, footpath with the slippery ground in rainfall, soil and stabilized roads, and high scrubs. Due to the weather, the trail is not suitable for hiking between June and September.
Starting in the center of the Kösedere village, the trail follows an asphalt road for about 500 meters before taking a right to the tractor road. Following the dirt road among olive groves and maquis, the asphalt village road is reached again after about 1500 meters. After walking 200 meters in the north, the route turns west to the tractor road.
The trail consists of village roads, olive groves, a slippery footpath in the rain, a short gravel road, dirt road, and a stabilized road. There are stunted maquis and shepherd dogs on the route. The first 2.5 kilometers of the course ascends deep, then descends to the Uzundere valley, to ascend once more for Tepeboz.
Yeniliman-Hamzabükü-Sarpıncık Köyü Trail
The trail, which runs through a pebble beach, consists of olive groves, a dirt road, and a stabilized road. The course runs from Yeniliman to Hamzabükü, parallel to the coast. The dirt road rising into the Peninsula with a high inclination after the 8th kilometer ends in Sarpıncık village. On the trail, you may encounter stunted maquis and shepherd dogs. Due to the weather, the course is not suitable for hiking between June and September.
The trail runs through the village roads, dirt and stabilized roads, olive groves, scrub maquis, stream bed and tangerine gardens. At some points, you can see shepherd dogs.
The route, which is also suitable for cycling in some parts, starts in the Badembükü village coffeehouse and takes to the northwest to the beach. To the southwest of the beach is the Maza Mountain. Passing through Kavaklı Bay, you reach Çullu Mountain. From there you descend to Çullu Beach. Next to a prefabricated house at the end of the beach, a short stabilized road leads to another wide stabilized road to the southeast. Take a right for this road. About 5.5 kilometers later, interesting clay quarries are reached in Salman village.
Passing through the tangerine orchards in Denizgiren, the trail follows mostly pine forests and short scrubs and passes through Küçükbahçe and Meli settlements. The major part of the course, which starts with an asphalt road, passes through forest fire prevention lanes and forest roads, but also includes village roads, paths along the creeks and partially asphalt roads. It is possible to encounter shepherd dogs in the region where animal husbandry is widespread. It is possible to hike this trail except for the hot June - September period.
The course starts in the center of the village of Tepeboz and is a continuously ascending route. To the south of the village, the wet road leading to the hillside is entered. The tractor road here takes you to the east. When you reach the highest point of the road, turn left at the goat pen on the left. Then you take the tractor road passing the slope of Uzundere Valley and walk to the south. Uzundere Valley and the pond are reached at the end of the sloping road.
The route mostly consists of dirt road and rock ground paths dominated by high maquis, asphalt road leading to military facilities at the summit, inland forest paths and village road in the last section. It is possible to get lost in foggy or cloudy weather on the track where rocky areas are sometimes passed through goat paths.
Yaylaköy-İris Gölü Trail
The course starts in front of the fountain in Yaylaköy. Using the Yaylaköy - Karaburun motorway, you can walk to the east for 170 meters. Then you have to turn to the tractor road to the valley. After 350 meters, the path runs parallel to the creek. After 100 meters the path passes to the right of the stream. The pathway leads to the fountain next to a large plane tree. From this point, the road leads to the RES road and then leads to the valley descending to the east. Yukarı Ovacık-Kösedere Trail The trail starts at Yukarıovacık, then continues to the Köypınarı fountain near Bölmeç Mountain. You can reach the Kertil fountain and the highest point of Dalakalan from the gorge passing through the pine forest between Bölmeç Mountain on the left and Bümüşdağı on the right. After Dalakalan, you can go to Balaban from the steep and old tractor road along the slopes of Bölmeç Mountain. From the left of the goat pen in Balaban, the tractor route to Mahmutoğluhocası is taken.
Karareis-Yukarı Ovacık-Aşağı Ovacık Trail
The course starts at the crossroads of Karareis settlement and goes east towards Camiboğazı Creek Valley. An old crushed-stone facility is passed to take the dirt toad to the Lake İris. The forest road is followed and the İğdecik fountain in the Kapuska region is reached. The dirt road, which is on a slope, travels for a short distance to the south. When you reach the plain area, you have to take the goat path climbing up to the left. After 2.5 kilometers, you can reach the Pinaryanı neighborhood of Yukarıovacık.
Yukarı Ovacık-Köypınarı-Gerence (İltur)-İskele Trail
The trail starts at Yukarıovacık and continues to the southwest, to the Ovacıkyolu path, passing through the slope of Mount Eskici. The road takes a left just before reaching to the are where rubbles from the marble factory are dumped. By taking this road, which can be seen from a distance, you reach the asphalt road. After another 1,5 kilometers on the asphalt road, you reach the İltur Site. You can enter the site to reach the beach.
İzmir, the city of bicycles, has many courses that will make cycling fans happy both in the city center and around the city.
You can rent a bike with the BİSİM system from one of the 31 stations situated between İnciraltı Recreational Area and Bird Paradise then return the bike to whichever station you prefer. Also, you can take your bike with you in rail systems and make your trip more enjoyable by traveling on many bicycle roads going through districts. To see all the stations you can rent a bike, please click here.
In 2019, İzmir became a part of the European Cycle Route Network (EuroVelo) thanks to its efforts for the development of cycling tourism. So, don’t hesitate to discover İzmir, the first Turkish city to be a part of EuroVelo, on a bike.
On the other hand, four associations and communities mapped many important routes within the scope of İzmir Metropolitan Municipality's project aiming to connect cycling routes within the city to the Mediterranean network.
Divided into two groups, the cyclists departed from Çeşme Harbor and determined all the routes finishing at the Temple of Artemis in Selçuk. They took into consideration the EuroVelo criteria while determining 773 kilometers of routes.
Of the 15 routes, passing near many surfing schools, hot springs, beaches, and natural attractions, three of the 190 kilometers in total meet EuroVelo standards.
These cycling routes, which include all the natural and historical beauties of the Peninsula, are as follows:
Çeşme-Urla (Klazomenai) Course
The total length of the 1st stage of the 1st course is 77.4 kilometers. The EuroVelo-priority route starts from Çeşme Harbour and ends at the entrance to the Klazomenai Ancient City in Urla Harbour. The route, the highest point of which is Kadıovacık village with 297 meters, passes through the back of Çeşme, that is, the roads with low traffic and reaches Alaçatı over Ovacık village and from there to Şifne direction to Ildırı.
Urla (Klazomenai)-Ürkilometreez (Lebedos) Course
The total length of the EuroVelo-priority 2nd stage of the 1st course EuroVelo route, which is one of the Ephesus - Mimas cycling routes, is 61.3 kilometers. The course starts from Urla Harbour and ends in the ancient city of Lebedos in Urkilometreez.
Ürkilometreez (Lebedos)-Selçuk (Ephesus) Course
The total length of the 3rd stage of the 1st course of the EuroVelo route is 52.1 kilometers. The route, which starts in the ancient city of Lebedos in Ürkilometreez, ends at the entrance to Ephesus Antique City. The highest point of the route is 88 meters. After starting from the center of Urkilometreez, the route uses a two-way highway until Selçuk - Kuşadası junction.
The total length of the 1st stage of the 2nd course of the Efes - Mimas cycling route is 30.7 kilometers. Starting from Çeşme Port, the course joins the EMY-1 route in Alaçatı.
The total length of the 2nd stage of the 2nd course of the Efes - Mimas cycling routes is 36.8 kilometers. Starting from Çeşme Port, the course joins the EMY-1 route in Uzunkuyu village. Alaçatı-Ildırı/Germiyan Junction Course The total length of the 3rd stage of the 2nd course of the Efes - Mimas cycling routes is 32.6 kilometers and the highest altitude is 245 meters. The course starts with the EMY-1 route in Alaçatı and uses the Alaçatı-İzmir highway.
Ildırı (Erythrai)-Balıklıova-Gülbahçe Course
The total length of the 4th stage of the 2nd course of the Efes - Mimas cycling routes is 32.9 kilometers. Starting from the EMY-1 route in Ildırı, the route passes over Balıklıova and reunites with the EMY-1 route in Gülbahçe.
Ildırı/Karaburun Junction-Balıklıova Course
The total length of the 1st stage of the 3rd course of the Efes - Mimas cycling routes is 88.3 kilometers. Starting from the intersection of Ildırı - Karaburun - Balıklıova roads and traveling around Karaburun Peninsula from the west side, the route passes over Karaburun over Akdağ and continues on Mordoğan and intersects with the 7th stage in Balıklıova.
The total length of the 2nd stage of the 3rd course of the Efes - Mimas cycling routes is 31.2 kilometers. Starting from the village of Küçükbahçe, the route crosses the northern end of the Karaburun Peninsula and intersects with the 8th stage in Karaburun.
The total length of the 2nd stage of the 4th course of the Efes - Mimas cycling routes is 58.2 kilometers. Starting from the village of Bademler, Yelki - Güzelbahçe district center and Küçükkaya and Efemçukuru villages are connected to Gödence. The highest point reached on the route is the radar neighborhood with 961 meters.
The total length of the 3rd stage of the 4th course of the Efes - Mimas cycling routes is 86.5 kilometers. The altitude reaches 500 meters at the highest point of the route with difficulty level 4. The route, which starts in Seferihisar, ascends in Gödence, passing through the Kocaçay Valley and the valleys that nourish Beyler Dam. The route heads west and loses altitude. It then connects to the village of Düzce via Bademler and tangerine gardens and then to Seferihisar.
İçmeler-Urla (Klazomenai) Course
The total length of the 1st stage of the 4th course of the Efes - Mimas cycling routes is 23.5 kilometers. The route starting from the EMY-1 route in İçmeler collides with the EMY-2 route in Urla. The highest point of the route is 223 meters.
Değirmendere (Kolophon)-Orhanlı Course
The total length of the 1st stage of the 5th course of the Efes - Mimas cycling route, which starts from the Ancient City of Kolophon, is 43.5 kilometers. The route starts from Değirmendere (Kolophon) and passes through Menderes district center and ends at Orhanlı. The highest point along the route has an altitude of 226 meters.
Ahmetbeyli (Claros/Notion)-Selçuk (Efes) Course
The total length of the 2nd stage of the 5th course of the Efes - Mimas cycling routes is 65.8 kilometers. The route starting from the ancient divination center Klaros in Ahmetbeyli ends at the upper gate of the Ancient City of Ephesus in Selçuk.
Karakuyu-Selçuk (Efes) Course
The total length of the 3rd stage of the 5th course of the Efes - Mimas cycling routes is 53 kilometers. Starting from Karakuyu village and entering Selçuk from Belevi, the route intersects with the 14th stage. The highest point of the route is 107 meters.
Olives, one of the most important parts of Mediterranean life since prehistoric times, is the most characteristic product of the İzmir Peninsula with its culture, taste and economic value. When it comes to olives, İzmir is such an important destination that the first modern olive oil workshop in the world is located in the Ancient City of Klazomenai in Urla.
As such, the journey of the olive on the Peninsula is one of the most enjoyable thematic routes you can follow in İzmir. This route, which passes through Güzelbahçe, Çeşme, Seferihisar, Menderes, and Selçuk districts, was created by the members of Zeytince Association.
On the route, there are many monumental olive trees, olive oil workshops, water sources, olive oil factories, landscape and viewing terraces, olive crushing places, stones used in olive oil making, campsites, wells, windmills, and watermills. 68 olive trees, aged between 300 and 2000, are among the most important indicators of the ancient olive culture of the Peninsula.
Theses routes are as follows:
Balıklıova-Çatalkaya-Mordoğan Olive Route
In Balıklıova there are four abandoned workshops and ruins of another Byzantine workshop. Of the four abandoned workshops, the roof of the Balıklıova oil factory is collapsed, but two stones, the press and the bowl that were used for crushing olives still stand. The stones that you can see in the garden are the same stones once used in the workshop. In the other three workshops, only broken base stones and mortars can be seen.
Old Mordoğan-Eğlenhoca-Kösedere-İnecik-Kaynakpınar-Boyabağ Olive Route
In this route where the most intensive olive oil workshops of Karaburun Peninsula are located, five olive oil workshops can be visited in Eğlenhoca Village and six olive oil workshops in Kösedere Village. There are four abandoned and one operating continuous system olive oil workshops in Eğlenhoca Village. One of the abandoned workshops in the village square is arranged as a museum where visuals about the history of the village are displayed, but there are no officially regular working hours.
Amberseki-Saip-Karaburun Merkez-Bozköy-Tepeboz Olive Route
You will see an operating olive oil workshop on your left about 600 meters after entering the Ambarseki Village junction. There are two presses in this workshop which works with two stones and a stone printing method. A broken stone in front of the mosque minaret in the village square and wooden falaka, bush and stone in the square give an idea about the production tools used in the past. When you pass the village square and continue on the road, you will see two more workshops on the right. One of these workshops has been restored in the past and turned into a theater, but is not used at the moment. The roof of the other workshop just behind it has collapsed, but the press and the ground stones are still standing.
Yeni Liman-Hasseki-Sarpıncık-Parlak-Salman Olive Route
It is possible to reach Sarpıncık Village by following the signs inside Hasseki Village. In front of the Sarpıncık Village Mosque, built in 1837, there are the remains of an old olive oil workshop, estimated to have a four-stone system. There is another abandoned olive oil workshop in the village that worked with a four-stone system. This workshop is two-story and the place where the olives were spilled into the crushing stones can be seen from the top floor. The olive oil workshops in the village have not been in operation since the 1980s.
Çeşme-Çiftlik-Ovacık-Alaçatı Olive Route
Çeşme Castle, which is one of the historical and cultural values of the district of Çeşme, has also an olive oil press stone inside.
Zeytinler-Birgi-Barbaros-Kadıovacık-Ildırı Olive Route
There is one continuous-system olive oil factory in Zeytinler Village. Although there are no signs of an olive oil workshop working with the old system in the region, mortar can be seen in the village. The region is also rich in old olive trees.
Zeytinler-Uzunkuyu-Nohutalan-Germiyan Olive Route
One of the must-see places in Zeytinler Village is Köstem Olive Oil Museum, which aims to be the largest olive oil museum in the world. In the museum opened in 2017, you can see the evolution of olive oil extraction technology from the most primitive to the most modern.
Karaköy-Zeytineli-Posköy-Dağovacık Olive Route
In the village of Zeytineli, there are many olive trees aged between 300 and 1000, as well as an olive oil workshop that has been abandoned and most of its roof has been demolished, but its stones and a press are still standing. When you follow the road passing through the village, Zeytineli Beach welcomes you with its clear and clean sea, and a camping ground. There are also grocery stores in the village where you can buy what you need before heading to the beach.
Central Urla Olive Route
The center of Urla is very rich in terms of historical values, olive oil workshops, and ancient olive trees. There are seven abandoned workshops and three still operational olive oil factories in the region. The Olive Oil-Flour-Wine Factory building in the center of Urla is a registered building from the Greek period. It is said that this factory, which is built on an area of 16 acres, used to work with a diesel engine and 100 horse carriages of stones were needed for its construction.
Urla-Harbour-Burgaz-Özbek-Yuvaca Olive Route
Klazomenai, which was one of the 12 Ionian cities, is located on the north coast of the Urla - Çeşme peninsula, towards the middle of the İzmir Gulf. Its history dates back to 6000 years. In digs made in Klozemenai, Anatolia’s oldest known olive factory was found, working 2600 years ago.
The warehouses of this olive oil factory and two nearby water wells, which prove a high level of prosperity in the 6th century BC in the region, were unearthed in the excavations.
The factory was rebuilt in 2005 and olive oil production started again. Here you can both breathe the antique-like atmosphere of the factory and buy some delicious olive oil.
The replicas of amphoras produced for Klozemenai in the ancient period are also waiting for the visitors in the factory. Various cultural events are organized at the factory throughout the year as well.
Kuşçular-Yağcılar-Demircili Olive Route
In the gardens on the left side of the road in the Helvacılar Region of Kuşçular Village, there are many olive trees aged between 300 and 1500 years old. This region has been cultivated since ancient times and there are countless olive trees along the way.
Gölcük-Gödence-Çamtepe-Efemçukuru Olive Route
Neither the roof nor the walls of the abandoned olive oil workshop in Gölcük Village are still standing, but since the stones and machines inside have survived to the present day, this is basically an open-air museum. After visiting the workshop in Gölcük, you can go to Gödence Village. Because Gödence Village is one of the most important villages of the region hosting the majority of the olive oil production of the region and its olive association that has been in charge for more than forty years. In Gödence Village, there are three olive oil workshops, one of which is a continuous-system and two olive oil factories.
Güzelbahçe-Küçükkaya-Payamlı-Kavacık Olive Route
There are two olive oil workshops in the center of Güzelbahçe. There is an olive press stone in the garden of Güzelbahçe Wedding Hall. Three stones of the four-stone system are now used for decorative purposes in the garden with their components. Some of the olive trees in Güzelbahçe are more than 1500 years old.
Görece-Dereköy-Akçaköy-Çatalca-Yeniköy-Menderes Center Olive Route
The olive oil pressing systems in the villages on this route are completely different from those on other routes. On the streets of these villages, it is possible to see the parts that were once used in the production of olive oil. Olive crushing grounds, base stones, and olive crushing stones welcome you when you walk around the streets! You can find these type of parts on the streets in Görece, Dereköy, Akçaköy, Çatalca, and Yeniköy.
Menderes-Küner-Şaşal-Tekeli-Değirmendere-Çamönü-Ataköy Olive Route
In the villages on this route, it is possible to see parts of the now-abandoned olive oil production systems on the streets, just like the villages on the previous route. You can see an olive press and a squeezer in Küner Village, a mortar at the entrance to Şaşal Village and an orbis at the village square. From here you can cross to Değirmendere Village and see an olive press in the garden of a house. The village also has one olive crushing stone.
Selçuk-Şirince Olive Route
There are two olive crushing places in the St. Jean Monument. One of these olive crushing places belonging to the Roman period doesn’t have any stone in it, while the other has. There is also a ground stone in the St. Jean Monument. Stones extracted from different parts of the excavation area are exhibited in the cistern.
The peninsula, which is home to the first known winery in Anatolia, offers a perfect vineyard route. The winery in the Bağlıca area of the ancient Çeşme harbor, where the Hittites and Cretans produced and exported wine in the 2000s B.C., are being discovered by archaeological excavations.
The 151-kilometer vineyard path, which intersects with hiking and cycling paths, allows enthusiasts to visit the vineyards in Selçuk, Menderes, Seferihisar, Urla, Çeşme, and Karaburun in 6 stages and to meet the manufacturers. The vineyard route will soon a part of the networks such as the European Wine Cities.
The course starts in the center of Çeşme, in the Bagara excavation area. There is a winery in Bagarlar region, which was unearthed during the excavations in 2009. It’s clear that this was a vinery 1700s B.C. because of the findings like the grape seeds, wine amphoras, clover-mouthed jugs, and warehouses where wine is kept. After the vineyard excavation area, you can use the Çeşme - İzmir highway to continue to Ovacık village.
Karaburun-Eğlenhoca-Kösedere-Aşağı Ovacık-İnecik Route
The 14.5 km long track, which is located on the borders of Eğlenhoca, Kösedere, Aşağıovacık and İnecik neighborhoods, passes through the individual vineyards around the asphalt road connecting the neighborhoods. Here, wine grape varieties cabarnet sauvignon and sauvignon blanc are grown. There is no grape enterprise in the region. Transportation is provided by hiking, cycling or vehicles on the route.
The Urla district is located on a geographical corridor between Izmir Bay in the north and Sığacık Bay in the south. It is open to both the northern and western winds from the Gulf of İzmir and the southern winds from the Sığacık Gulf.
There are many vineyards belonging to the locals on this route, which borders Seferihisar, Güzelbahce, Menderes, Karabağlar and Konak districts. In the vineyards, alphonse lavallee and razaki are grown as edible grape species. The wine grapes that are grown here are cabernet sauvignon and merlot. The Beyler - Gödence and Gödence - Kavacık - Payamlı trails on the Ephesus - Mimas Hiking Route created within the scope of the Peninsula Project pass through these vineyards.
Beyler-Orhanlı-Yeniköy-Çatalca-Train Station Route
This route is in Seferihisar and Menderes districts and starts from the right bank of Beyler Dam Lake. It visits Beyler, Kavakdere, Eski Orhanlı, Yeni Orhanlı, Yeniköy and Çatalca villages. There are many vineyards belonging to the locals on the route. İsabey Vienhouse and Cankara Vineyards are the two enterprises on the route.
The course, which is located on the borders of Selçuk district, includes the vineyards of the locals along the Çamlık - Gökçealan route. Edible grapes grown in vineyards are mainly osmanca, sultaniye, alphonse lavallee, and razaki.
One of the routes included in the Peninsula Project prepared by the İzmir Metropolitan Municipality is the Blue Route.
The Blue Route aims to establish a connection between the ancient Phokai (Foça), Chios and Samos and the Peninsula.
Existing Mordoğan - Foça voyages are a stage of this goal. In the second stage, there will be a maritime transport connection with the islands of Chios and Samos. Current status of the piers is as follows:
Güzelbahçe: İzmir Metropolitan Municipality is carrying out the necessary works to make the existing pier suitable with the new ships.
Foça: The passenger platform required for the new ships to dock is ready. During the summer, on Saturdays and Sundays, there are ships to Foça from Konak and Karşıyaka piers, in the morning and the evening.
Urla, Mordoğan, and Karaburun: The berthing place has been determined for scheduled ships and preparations have been started to make it suitable to the new ships. Besides, during the summer, the TURYOL Cooperative has ships between Foça, Karaburun, and Mordoğan.
One of the important aspects of the İzmir Metropolitan Municipality's Peninsula Project is the artificial reef practices prepared by Ege University Urla Vocational High School.
Artificial reefs that stimulate underwater life are also eagerly anticipated above water. Because these mini-structures, which are specially designed for nesting fish, lead to many conclusions.
The objectives of artificial reef practices include: to support the coastal fishery, to increase biodiversity, to create new areas for sport fishing and diving tourism, to prevent illegal fishing, to prevent wave-borne coastal erosion, to eliminate some of the lost or damaged habitats, and to make scientific researches.
As a result of this study, the number of fish species and families doubles.
These artificial reef projects have been implemented so far in Dalyanköy, Ürkilometreez, Gümüldür, and Pamucak. In the last 18 months, 64 fish species were detected in the artificial reefs of Gümüldür, Ürkilometreez, and Dalyanköy. This figure equals to 16% of Turkey's bony fish capacity, and 20% of the bony fish in the Aegean Sea.